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BIM: everything you need to know about Building Information Modeling

Francesco Riccio

The acronym BIM indicates the term Building Information Modeling, or the digital information system of the building based on 3D models and a series of data relating to the building. In this article we will try to provide a clearer definition of the concept, also analyzing the advantages associated with it.

What is BIM?

Giving an exhaustive definition of the concept of BIM is not easy. An attempt was made to do so in Europe, where the BIM come “shared digital representation of a built object (including buildings, bridges, roads, process plants, etc) to facilitate design, construction and operation processes to form a reliable basis for decisions.”

However, the clearest definition is the one born in the US. According to this approach, BIM means nothing more than the technology that allows the transfer of data and information of a building, in order to create a digital representation of an asset. The digital representation consists of a three-dimensional geometric model (Digital Twin). Ultimately, BIM is an information model that allows you to collect all the information of a building in a single tool.

Why is BIM important?

But why is the concept of BIM enjoying such a wide diffusion? Why is it so important? With the increase in the world population that will be encountered in the coming decades, it is necessary to identify efficient construction methods from all points of view. It is precisely within this scenario that the concept of BIM fits: through the adoption of this method, and therefore through the acquisition of data, it is possible to work more intelligently.

BIM is also a method to allow business growth, as it is based on teamwork and on the collaboration of all those who work on the design phase. In addition, the model, by providing a large amount of information, allows buildings to be built taking into account their impact on the environment, minimizing the risk of waste and excessive consumption.

Among the advantages offered by the application of the model, the possibility of minimize errors during the design phase, also reducing the time.

The tools needed to design and build with BIM

To use BIM it is necessary to have certain software that allows the creation of virtual models. In particular, there are three main software:

  • BIM tools, which is used to collect data;
  • BIM authoring, which is used for the realization of the 3D model;
  • BIM management system, which serves to organize processes and data in a single collaborative environment.

It is important to remember that when choosing the different software it is necessary to check if they are in possession of the IFC certification of buildingSMART international, which guarantees the high quality of the instrument.

BIM in Italy

BIM is spreading widely in all parts of the world, including Italy. In fact, the country is slower in adopting this methodology than other countries, such as England for example. However, also in Italy considerable progress is being made from this point of view. In particular, the legislative thrust that allowed a series of steps forward to be made should be noted. For example, the decree of 2 August 2021, which amended the MIT decree of 1 December 2017, provided for the introduction of BIM with different timelines, establishing it as mandatory only for projects above the 1 million euro threshold.

Starting from January 1, 2022 instead it is also mandatory for new constructions and for interventions on buildings existing amounting to 15 million euros. On January 1, 2023, the obligation will also extend to new construction works and works on existing buildings for a tender amount equal to or greater than the threshold of 5,350,000 euros. Finally, starting from January 1, 2025, the mandatory application of BIM is also envisaged for new construction works and interventions on existing buildings for a tender amount equal to or greater than 1 million euros.

Fixtures: guide to choosing the one that suits your needs

Francesco Riccio

Choosing the right fixtures for your home is not easy. From the material to the installation, there are many factors to consider during the purchase. That's why in this article we will try to understand which are the best fixtures according to different needs.

Materials

A first element to pay attention to are the materials used for the construction of the fixtures. In reality, there is no better material, but the choice varies according to the characteristics of your home.

In general, the most common are aluminum, wood-aluminum, PVC and steel. The former can go well in particularly large homes furnished with a minimal style, while wood-aluminum can be the ideal solution for those who want to combine design and functionality. The latter material, however, turns out to be very expensive, unlike the PVC which instead is among the cheapest on the market. The price of steel is also particularly high, but the performance of this material is incomparable.

Thermal insulation

The level of thermal insulation of the windows should not be underestimated. In this regard, it is worth considering the transmittance value, or the percentage of energy loss. The latter also depends on the material used. In general, the lower this value, the greater the thermal insulation and therefore the comfort of one casa. Furthermore, a lower transmittance value is also associated with greater savings on the bill.

Soundproofing

Equally important is the evaluation of the acoustic insulation guaranteed by the windows. Noise, in addition to being annoying, can also be a source of multiple damage to health. Prolonged exposure to noise can in fact cause reduced memory capacity and increased pressure, with negative consequences for the cardio-respiratory system.

By choosing the right window model, you can reduce these risks. In particular, you have to choose fixtures with a high decibel value (dB). Traditional models have a noise reduction level of 32 dB. However, by installing the fixtures in the right way and obtaining a series of accessories, it is possible to reach a reduction value of up to 48 dB.

Color

At first glance it may seem like a secondary aspect, but in reality the choice of color affects not only the appearance of your home, but also on the performance of the fixtures. In fact, with the installation of models with dark colors, greater heating will be obtained. Conversely, light colors allow for a longer duration over time and a much lower level of heating. Obviously, the choice of color also affects the materials, some of which, such as PVC, cannot even be colored.

In terms of color, the combination with the rest of the house must also be considered. Specifically, if you have a wooden parquet, for example, the best solution is the choice of matt lacquered fixtures, even if it is a difficult material to clean and is therefore to be avoided for those who do not have enough time available to devote to house cleaning.

Installation

When it comes to windows, we cannot fail to mention the installation, that is the window assembly operation. This must be done in the best possible way, as a successful operation has an impact on the performance of the fixtures for 70%. Installation is therefore essential: an incorrectly mounted window risks compromising all the benefits of a good model. For example, there is a risk of reducing the sound insulation capabilities, increasing the risk of incurring noise. Conversely, placing the window well increases the benefits.

Safety

A last no less important factor to consider is safety. In fact, most of the thefts at home occur through the forcing of windows, which is why it is advisable to obtain effective windows from this point of view. The choice must therefore fall on protected and resistant models, such as those made windows with 4 locking points, including 2 for security. For those with a higher budget, they can also choose models with shatterproof glass, anti-perforation plate and anti-burglary handle, in order to significantly increase their safety.

The right chair for your dining room: how to disentangle colors, models and materials

Francesco Riccio

The dining room is one of the most important rooms in a home. That's why when furnishing it you need to pay attention to a series of factors, taking care of everything down to the smallest detail. A fundamental element of this part of the house is represented by the chairs, which, in addition to providing maximum comfort, they must also be resistant and in line with the rest of the furniture.

In this article we will try to understand what are the main factors to consider when choosing a dining room chair.

Dimensions and height

The size of the chair is one of the first factors to consider during the purchase. In this regard, it is good first of all measure the size of the dining room and understand what distance there is between the various elements. Doing so will avoid buying models that are too small or too large for the size of the room.

The height must then be checked, which must also be measured taking into account the armrests. to understand what the right height is, you need to take the table as a reference point. Generally, the height of this element varies between 70 cm and 80 cm. In these cases it is advisable to choose models of chairs capable of ensure a distance between the lower edge and the seat of more than 30 cm.

Materials

Evaluating the quality of the materials used to make the chair is essential to ensure a good product. The models on the market are built with various materials, each of which has different characteristics. It may also happen that the different components of the chair have been made with several materials. The most used are wood and steel, which ensure a wide resistance and a long life. For the backrests, however, metal, plastic and padded materials are also often used to be covered in fabric or leather.

There are also models with less common materials, such as wicker, such as bamboo or rattan, and recyclable materials.

Clearly, the materials must also and above all be chosen depending on the style of furniture. The models in leather or with chromed structures, for example, are suitable for modern environments, where it is also possible to apply chairs made of transparent plastic. Conversely, for dining rooms with a more classic style it is better to focus on wood, a material capable of combining practicality and elegance.

While they may seem like an effective solution, fabric or upholstered chairs should be avoided. In fact, even though they are refined materials, capable of increasing the aesthetic value of your home, however, you must take into account the difficulty during cleaning. One of the factors to consider inherent in the material must be the ease of cleaning, especially for those who do not have enough time to devote themselves to the care of the house. From this point of view, models made of plastic or wood are therefore to be preferred.

Comfort

As we have already mentioned at the beginning, one of the most important elements to pay attention to when choosing the chair is comfort. On the other hand, it is an object where you can spend a good portion of your time, so it is important to make sure that it is as functional as possible. For this purpose, it is advisable to focus on padded models with a high back, in order to safeguard the health of your back. Furthermore, it is necessary to check the presence of the armrests, which can be very useful in terms of convenience. However, models with armrests are also bulkier, so they are only advantageous if you have enough space.

Design

A final aspect that should not be underestimated is the design and aesthetic aspect of the chair. Obviously, in this case personal tastes play a fundamental role. However, it is still necessary to combine the chair with the rest of thefurniture. Therefore, in a modern home it is better to focus on minimal models and, while in the more classic rooms it is necessary to opt for models with traditional shapes.

Home automation: how to transform your home into a 'Smart Home'

Francesco Riccio

The concept of home automation is becoming more and more central in people's daily lives. Making your home smarter and more autonomous is a popular choice. On the other hand, the benefits deriving from the application of new technologies inside a home are many. Later we will try to understand specifically what home automation is, what its advantages are and, above all, what are the steps to make your home smarter.

What is home automation and what are the advantages?

The term home automation refers to the set of technological devices used inside a house in order to increase the level of comfort and efficiency. This is a concept that has spread especially in recent years, in parallel with the development of smart technologies.

The spread of this phenomenon is justified by the many advantages it is able to provide. Indeed, through the integration between the various systems and installations of a home it is possible to make daily life much easier by remotely controlling lighting, heating, appliances, garden irrigation, opening and closing doors and even security and alarm systems.

However, many people choose home automation for an economic question: a smart and efficient home also involves lower costs in the bill, as the waste of energy is significantly reduced. All of this clearly has a positive impact on the environment as well.

Among the best known tools in this area are the smart speaker, now present in all homes. However, there are many other devices that can be very useful. Let's see some examples together.

Smart irrigation

The smart system allows you to remotely control the garden irrigation control units via your smartphone. By doing so, it will be possible not only to make this activity more practical, but it will also be possible optimize water consumption and avoid waste. In fact, the system allows you to set the activation and deactivation of the irrigation system only at certain times of the day. It must be said, however, that, among the smart tools, the one relating to irrigation is probably the least used and known.

Smart motorized shutters

Among the elements of a home that are part of home automation there are also motorized shutters. These are very useful tools that can be lowered very easily through the application installed on your smartphone. Furthermore, it is also possible to activate the automatic function, which allows you to close or open the shutters based on the time and amount of light present outside.

Smart tools for security

The origins of the home automation concept are closely linked to the security field. In fact, at the beginning of this phenomenon there was a tendency to mainly use devices capable of controlling one's home and protecting it from malicious people. Just think for example of video surveillance systems or all videocytophony.

However, with the passage of time these tools have become increasingly sophisticated and allow access to many other functions. For example, today it is possible to control the interior of your home even thousands of km away from it, through your smartphone. Furthermore, in recent years the smart lock, which in case of intrusion send an alarm.

Lighting

Through home automation technology it is possible to control any type of light inside your home. In particular, you can not only turn them on and off, but also adjust the intensity and color.

How to transform a normal system into home automation

To make your home smart it is necessary to transform your electrical system, in order to make it capable of controlling the technological devices we mentioned earlier. But how is this operation done? First of all, the intervention of a specialized technician is required, who must carry out an analysis of the system both to understand how to transform the system and to draw up a quote.

After that, you have to start with the replacement work, starting from the unthreading and replacement of the cables. At this stage, the technician must check if there is corrugated pipe, and then proceed with the unthreading of the cables and their replacement with the bus cable, which allows you to connect the control unit and the devices. At this point, we generally proceed with the masonry work to allow the creation of the traces, which are used to pass the bus cables. Now, you can continue with the installation of the smart devices and connect them to the control unit and the application. The process is over, but before starting to enjoy your smart home, you must have a certification issued by the technician certifying the compliance of the system with the requirements imposed by law.

Which plants lend themselves perfectly to decorating the interior

Francesco Riccio

Furnishing the interiors of an apartment with plants is now a very widespread trend, especially among the youngest. On the other hand, the benefits of installing a plant in a house are so many. In particular, in addition to purifying the air, several scientific studies have shown that plants promote concentration in study and work, improve mood and self-esteem and they also have excellent acoustic insulating properties. At the same time, the spread of this fashion is also justified by the fact that plants now represent a real piece of furniture. In fact, putting this element in the right place gives you the opportunity to give your home a completely new look. But how to arrange the plants in an apartment? And above all, which are the most effective ones for decorating the interiors? Let's find out together.

How to arrange plants in an apartment?

Once you have chosen the plants that best suit your aesthetic needs, you need to understand where to apply them. In fact, design experts provide numerous tips on where to place plants, in order to optimize spaces and at the same time increase their aesthetic value. A first question to ask is: to furnish the whole house with plants or just some spaces? The choice is between a “jungle effect” furniture or a simpler and more discreet one. To answer this question you must first take into consideration the size of your home. Obviously, filling a small apartment with plants can be a counterproductive choice and the disadvantages risk being more than the advantages.

Another factor to pay attention to is then the brightness of the rooms and their exposure to the sun, essential to ensure good plant health. In addition, the humidity of the rooms and the presence of radiators must also be taken into consideration, which must be at a safe distance from the plants.

The best houseplants

So let's see what are the main plants to be included in an apartment, starting from kenzia, which belongs to the palm family. It is a plant that, in addition to not requiring particular care, is able to provide an exotic look to your home.
A good solution could be the Sansevieria, better known by the name of "mother-in-law's tongue". Again, complex care does not need to be guaranteed. However, the plant in question has a particular shape, consisting of very long lanceolate leaves and in addition it can also stretch over a meter. This is why those with limited space must focus on other options.

The senecio rowleyanus it is a plant with thin branching stems that have the shape of a pearl necklace. For this reason, the plant is called "necklace". In addition to ensuring good exposure to the sun, remember not to water it excessively, especially in winter.

The last solution is represented by the calathea, a family within which there are 150 species of plants with different shapes and characteristics. They are particularly suitable for the interior of an apartment, as they have a very elegant appearance. Furthermore, growing them is really simple.

Furnish the terrace with plants

Decorating a terrace with plants deserves a separate discussion. This may be the ideal choice for those who do not have large spaces in their apartment. In fact, gods can be created small vegetable gardens on the balcony, surrounded by grates to be built on the wall for the support of climbing plants. Alternatively, you can furnish the terrace with succulent plants, which do not need to be moved in the colder months of the year, as some species, such as aloe or cactus, are very resistant to cold.

Which plants to put in front of the house?

We close our article on plants to put in front of your home. This is a very important element, as a good decoration at the entrance represents a great business card for guests. Among the possible choices there are the aforementioned kenzia, but small trees can also work, such as olive or orange trees. Alternatively, planters or shelves with seedlings can also be a good solution.

Choosing the resin for the floors: the complete guide

Francesco Riccio

Resin floors are an excellent solution for those looking for elegance and practicality at the same time. It is a synthetic compound that can be applied both indoors and outdoors. The resins for floors were born within the industrial world, thanks to its particular characteristics. Being a very wear-resistant material, it can be very useful for production. Later we will try to understand what are the factors to pay attention to when choosing the resin for the floors, in order to make the right choice.

The complete guide to choosing the resin for floors

A first element to take into consideration when purchasing resin for floors is the type. In fact, there are different types of resin coatings on the market. A first difference to be analyzed is that between the spatula and the self-leveling one. The latter is smoother than the former. However, both types can be applied on various types of surfaces.

Then there are the multilayer resins, used above all in the industrial field, and those in methacrylate, which, in addition to being very resistant against chemical aggression, they also have the advantage of guaranteeing a quick installation. In addition, they are easily washable and sanitized, which is why it is often used in hospitals and where a high level of hygiene is required.

For the construction of floors, epoxy resin models are particularly suitable, which ensure a wide thermal and mechanical resistance and also have good water-repellent properties. It is an easy-to-process thermosetting polymer, which can also be used for walls and furnishing elements. We then the cement resin, which is obtained by mixing the resin and the cement, an operation that considerably increases the resistance of the material. This type is widely used for domestic flooring. Another type of resin is the acrylic one, which is more liquid than the epoxy one. It is very resistant to sudden changes in temperature and also has a good level of breathability and color stability.

As for the costs, first of all it is necessary to detect changes according to the different typologies. The spatula resins with a mixture already colored on a pre-treated support and a protective layer for interiors have a cost that is around 40/60 euros per square meter. In the case of decorations, the cost increases, reaching around 70/90 euros per square meter. A higher price is instead that of the self-leveling resin (80/100 euros per square meter), while with the addition of decorations it can even reach 120/150 euros per square meter. Further additional costs concern any building work, such as the demolition of the underlying floors and the formation of reinforced concrete screeds.

Tips for applying the resin

We have therefore seen what are the factors to consider when choosing the resin, but now we will also provide some advice on the application of the material. It is good to specify that the application varies according to the type of resin chosen. In general, however, there are some steps to follow regardless of the type of material. The first stage begins with degreasing and cleaning the surface on which to apply the resin with shampoo and sponge. Subsequently, the surface must be lightly sanded, and then continued by applying the primer, which can be both universal and a specific primer for tiles, widely used for some types of material, such as glass, ceramic or laminate. Alternatively, in case of risk of infiltration, a moisture blocking base can also be used. The next step is to grout the joints, in order to obtain an optimally leveled surface. To ensure greater resistance, you can choose to protect everything with a matt, transparent, satin or glossy finish resin.

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